29th session of the HRC
ENVIRONMENT IN DANGER
Report on Pollutants Threat Human Rights in Iran
The volume of the environmental problem in Iran is vast and constitutes a serious threat to many human rights of the population.
28th session of the HRC
Impact of the Mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Iran
Südwind is pleased to submit this report recommending the renewal of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. This document focuses on the impact, effectiveness and importance of this mandate based on achievements over the past four years and the perspective of Iranian human rights defenders and civil society. The findings presented below are based on interviews with notable Iranian individuals and organisations. Sudwind strongly recommends the renewal of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Iran. The rise in the number of executions, arrests, violations of the rights of women and girls, and intensification of efforts by the Islamic Republic to block access to information and freedom of expression, are a few justifications for Sudwind’s position in this regard. Following a close examination of facts and expert opinions over the past four years, Sudwind findings identify that the mandate makes a number of significant contributions to the protection and promotion of human rights in Iran.
Report on conflicts with human rights law
Iran's Penal Code
27th session of HRC
Iran’s Islamic Penal Code went into effect in 1991 and allows the government to jail, torture, and execute people who criticize the government. It includes discretionary (ta’zir) punishments not specifically laid out in Sharia law that apply to most of Iran’s national security laws, under which political dissidents are convicted and sentenced in revolutionary courts.
The law imposes the death penalty for a range of offences which do not meet the threshold of the “most serious crimes” under international law. If Iran wants to fulfil its human rights obligations, it should declare a moratorium on all executions; ban public executions, including stoning; and limit capital punishment to offences considered to be most serious crimes under international law.
26th regular session of the Human Rights Council
Violations of Girls' Rights
Child Marriage and FGM in the I.R. Iran
Child marriage is a serious human rights violation affecting girls‘ and women‘s rights to health, education, equality, and to live free from violence.
Children in the I.R. Iran are bought and sold under the guise of marriage for the purposes of sexual and labour exploitation or are even trafficked into forced marriages.
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM) violates girls’ and women’s human rights, denying them their physical and mental integrity, their right to freedom from violence and discrimination and, in the most extreme cases, their lives. These are rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). I.R: Iran is a signatory to both and has ratified the CRC in November 2001. Nevertheless, violence against women and children, especially girls, in this context continues to exist in various areas and regions.
Universal Periodic Review (UPR)
Islamic Republic of Iran
Joint Submission by Südwind
Südwind welcomes the opportunity to examine the situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter, IRI) under the Universal Periodic Review (UPR). This report provides information on IRI’s constitutional and legislative framework, institutional and human rights infrastructure and policy measures, scope of international obligations, cooperation with human rights mechanisms, and addresses our concerns of immediate and on-going human rights violations by the IRI and provides a number of recommendations for action by the government to address these areas of concern.
24th regular session of the Human Rights Council
WOMEN PRISONERS IN I.R. IRAN
Report on women in prisons and detention centres
Following the Iranian revolution in 1979, thousands of women from all walks of life have been criminalised for their refusal to observe the official Islamic dress code or Hejab or comply with the rules and legislation which denied their human rights. They have also been arrested, detained, interrogated, tortured, imprisoned or even executed for their beliefs. At present and according to our information, at least 48 women are held in various prisons as political prisoners. The actual figures are more than this. The Islamic Republic of Iran had never published accurate data on the number of prisoners, either political or for other reasons. In addition, many families prefer to stay anonymous even in cases of execution of family member. The report is compiled from information within the country, testimonies and personal accounts as well as information gathered through social media. Due to latest developments, Nasrin Sotoudeh was released from jail along with several other political prisoners, the report will get updated.
A Brief Report on Human Rights Situation in Iran in [March-April 2013]
The Judiciary and the Prisons Organization are responsible for the lives of inmates
In her latest monthly report, Shirin Ebadi, human rights defender and winner of Nobel Peace Prize in 2003, has reviewed the human rights situation in Iran during the month of Farvardin 1392 [March-April 2013].
A Brief Report on Human Rights Situation in Iran in [Feb. - Mar. 2013]
“Iran should appoint a more polite envoy to attend the meetings of the Human Rights Council”
In her latest monthly report, Shirin Ebadi, human rights defender and winner of Nobel Peace Prize in 2003, has reviewed the human rights situation in Iran during the month of Esfand 1391 [February-March 2013]. In the preface to the report for February-March, Dr. Ebadi has propounded the issue of the behaviour of the Iranian Government’s envoy at the meetings of the United Nations Human Rights Council. In her report, this defender of human rights has described as undiplomatic and impolite the behaviour of Mohammad Javad Larijani, the Iranian Government’s representative at the meetings of the UN Human Rights Council, and has called on the Iranian state officials to replace him with someone more polite.
A Brief Report on Human Rights Situation in Iran in [Jan. - Feb. 2013]
Protests to harassment of families of political prisoners and prisoners of conscience
Shirin Ebadi, Human Rights Defender and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, in continuation of her monthly reports, has reviewed the human rights situation in Iran in Bahman 1391 [January-February 2013]. Dr. Ebadi started her Bahman report by addressing the issue of harassment of families of political prisoners and prisoners of conscience including daughters of Mir-Hossein Moosavi and son of Mehdi Karubi, two opposing candidate for presidential elections in 1388, who are now living under house arrest. The human rights defender in her report objected to the Iranian government's disregard for the media coverage of illegal acts committed by the security forces.
A Brief Report on Human Rights Situation in Iran in [Dec. 2012- Jan. 2013]
Requirement to Comprehensive Observance of Ethnic Minorities’ Rights by Iranian Officials
Shirin Ebadi, Human Rights Defender and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, in continuation of her monthly reports, has reviewed the human rights situation in Iran in Dey 1391 [December 31, 2012- January 20, 2013]. She addressed the issue of the ethnic minorities in Iran in the introduction to the report concerning “Dey 1391”. Warning against growing separatist ambitions, she called the attention of the official authorities of the Islamic Republic of Iran to comprehensive observance and protection of the ethnic minorities’ rights in her report.
A Brief Report on Human Rights Situation in Iran in [Nov.- Dec. 2012]
According to the website of the Centre for the Defenders of Human Rights [CDHR], Dr. Ebadi starts her Azar report by addressing the plight of children in Iran. She highlights the fire incident at a school in northwestern Iran in which about 31 schoolgirls suffered burns or died. . She also addresses the issue of HIV and AIDS in Iran which now involves individuals at a lower age. The human rights defender continues her report by criticizing the government officials' ignorance of the future of the “most voiceless” sect of society, i.e. children, calling for more attention to be paid to these future-builders.
A Brief Report on Human Rights Situation in Iran [Oct.- Nov. 2012]
Shirin Ebadi, Human Rights Defender and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, in continuation of her monthly reports, has reviewed the human rights situation in Iran in Aban 1391 [October- November 2012]. According to the website of the Centre for the Defenders of Human Rights [CDHR], Dr. Ebadi starts her Aban report by addressing the situation in Iranian prisons and the plight of political detainees and prisoners of conscience in the country. As evidence of the appalling prison conditions in Iran, Ms. Ebadi highlights the case of Satar Beheshti, a blogger who was arrested by the police and subsequently died in prison.
A Brief Report on Human Rights Situation in Iran [Sept- Oct 2012]
According to the website of the Centre for the Defenders of Human Rights [CDHR], Dr. Ebadi started her Mehr report by addressing the issue of early marriage of the girl child, in light of the recent proclamation by the United Nations to designate 11 October as the first International Day of the Girl Child. The human rights advocate has not limited girls’ problems to the issue of early marriage; in her view their situation is even worse under the criminal law.
A Brief Report on Human Rights Situation in Iran [Aug- Sept 2012]
Shirin Ebadi has reviewed the human rights situation in Iran in [August-September 2012], in continuation of her monthly reports. According to the website of the Centre for the Defenders of Human Rights [CDHR], in the first section of her report, Mrs Ebadi highlights the state of education and teachers, as well as university-related matters in Iran, such as enforcement of the gender segregation policy and its consequences.
A Brief Report on Human Right Situation in Iran [July-August 2012]
According to the website of the Centre for the Defenders of Human Rights [CDHR], Dr. Ebadi started her Mordad(July-August) report by addressing the rise of public grievances owing to the bad economic situation and ever-rising cost of living. This human rights activist has continued her report by examining the human rights situation under three categories: “civil and political rights”, economic and social rights”, “cultural heritage and environment”. The report will appear in both English and Persian. Dr. Ebadi has concluded her report by emphasizing that protecting national interest and ending the current crisis in Iran warrants respect for individual rights and freedoms and human dignity of citizens.
Shirin Ebadi’s Report on Human Rights Situation in Iran [June-July 2012]
Shirin Ebadi, Human Rights Defender and Nobel Laureate, has examined the human rights situation in Iran in her second report published in the Persian month of Tir 1391 [Jun-July 2012]. Her first monthly report was published in the month of Khordad 1391 [21 May 2012–21 June 2012]. According to the website of the Centre for the Defenders of Human Rights [CDHR], Dr. Ebadi started her report by addressing the violation of human rights in Kurdistan, Khuzestan and Sistan-Baluchestan and emphasises that it is imperative to take immediate action to remove all kinds of discrimination in a bid to calm down the increasing tensions within society.
Shirin Ebadi's Report on Human Rights Situation in Iran [ May 2012]
Shirin Ebadi, Human Rights Defender and Nobel Laureate, has published a report on the human rights situation in Iran in Khordad 1391 [Iranian month beginning 21 May 2012]. According to the website of the Centre for the Defenders of Human Rights [CDHR], Mrs Ebadi embarked on writing this report in the belief that it is an undeniable necessity to publish reports on human rights situation in every country in a bid to determine any increases or decreases in human rights abuses throughout the world.
Report on victims during the election protests in Iran
Struggling for people's rights
Iran will be holding presidential elections this year on June 14. It is the first time that the country has gone to the polls since the violent crackdown on the protests over President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad‘s disputed re-election in 2009.
At least 4,000 people were arrested after the polls on 12 June 2009, some 200 of whom were put in jail. But even after four years, there are still no clear data on the exact number of individuals who were killed during the post election protests.
Most recent reports