Written statement Südwind
Child Early Marriage and Divorce in the Islamic Republic of Iran
26th Session of the HRC
Iran is a signatory to the international convention on the right of the child and has ratified this convention in November 2001. Nevertheless, violence against children continues to exist in various areas.
Written Statement Südwind
Extreme Violence against Children through Legal System in
the I.R. Iran
25th HRC Session (March 2014)
On 5 September 1991, the Islamic Republic of Iran signed the Convention on the Rights of the Child and on 13 July 1994, ratified it. While any human being below the age of 18 is considered a child according the Convention, no clear definition exists in Iranian law. The age of legal maturity, which also determines a person’s criminal responsibility, is set at 9 lunar years for girls and 15 lunar years for boys. The age of marriage is set at 13 solar years for girls (however, the age threshold may be lowered with the permission of the father and the court) and at 15 solar years for boys. In the new Islamic Penal Code, dating from 2013, no exact definition of “child” is offered. For instance, in articles 88 and 89 (ta’zir crimes), the category of “children” covers a range of 9 to 15 solar years and “juveniles” of 15 to 18 solar years, irrespective of endeavours to implement security and educational measures and administer punishments that are adapted to the children’s age. In article 147, on the other hand, criminal responsibility is extended to “mature individuals” (9 lunar years for girls and 15 lunar years for boys). In practice, punishment does not correspond to the differentiation of age groups set forth in the preceding articles of the law.
Unfortunately, even though the Islamic Republic of Iran claims that no child under the age of 18 is executed in Iran, there have been cases of execution below this international legal age. In recent years, children who have committed a murder while still minors are held in prison and then executed as soon as they reach the legal age.
Ending child marriage
First international day of the girl child event at UN in Geneva to galvanize action against child marriage
A resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2011 (A/RES/66/170) designated 11 October as the International Day of the Girl Child.
UN Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery,
International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
Women and girls who are forced to marry spend their life time in slavery
“Women and girls who are forced to marry find themselves in servile marriages for the rest of their lives,” warned United Nations Special Rapporteur on Contemporary forms of Slavery, Gulnara Shahinian, on the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery. “They are deprived of their genuine right to make their own choice for their future.”