Water is the beginning of life and civilizations and keeping the water resources safe and protected is a responsibility of every inhabitant of earth, irrespective of all political and geographical borders.
Close to half of the world’s oil resources are located in the Middle East. Passage of oil tankers, constant oil spills and haphazard lifting of sand and soil (meant for use in construction of artificial islands) has helped increase pollution in the Persian Gulf. This body of water is now 48 times more polluted than the average; a fatal reality for its diverse marine species and ecologies.
Lack of government’s attention to research work, inadequate infrastructure investments on water resources, ignoring the opinion of local and international experts, un-planned buildings of dams, a short-term attitude to the use of underground water resources, digging wells without legal permit and the use of traditional and inundation methods in agriculture are among factors that have led to an exuberant waste of water in Iran. When it comes to re-use and refining of wastewater, the measures taken by some governments, such as the Islamic Republic of Iran, are not suitable for the urban geography.
Direct diversion of industrial and hospital waste has led to the biological death of close to 35 percent of Iranian rivers. Drying out or excessive pollution with agricultural poisons of 22 wetlands that, under the 1969 Ramsar treaty, are protected and supported by the IUCN and also pollution and drying out of many Iranian rivers have turned the water issue into a grave problem for Iran’s presence and future. We can already see drying out and depopulation of villages, drying out of wetlands with an invaluable and irretrievable ecosystem like Urumiya Lake, Shadegan Wetland, Parishan Wetland, Hor ol Azim wetland and Hamoon. Sudwind would like to know what your program of action is in order to push states of the region to implement your recommendations.