The Islamic republic of Iran is referring to its constitution as a non-discriminative principle of justice. However considering the rights of minority groups, it fails dramatically to preserve and secure a fair position for them in practice.
Ethnic groups and religious minorities are of those that are suffering from growing discrimination and intimidation in various aspects, whereas unfair trials, denial of access to lawyers, and severe punishments are among the major ones. Although charges like, “Threat against the national security”,”moharebeh” and “disturbing the national or domestic security” do not have a clear description, yet they are being utilized frequently and favorably in case of minority groups in Iran. This is despite the fact that in paragraph 26 of recommendations made on the sixth session of Forum on minority issues on 26 &27 of Nov. 2013; a minority rights-based approach is advised to all states.
Referring to Communications report of Special Procedures A/HRC/25/74, statistics shows that the number of the responses from countries has been decreased compared to previous period. Iran as an example has a considerably low rate in answering the communications of special procedures. Moreover some of the responses are not fully addressing the concerns of mandate holders by Iran. A simple example is the communication in 10th July 2013 which remained unanswered like majority of other communications with Iran. The letter was was focusing on the death in prison of Mr. Afshin Osanlou, detaining of Pastor Behnam Irani with high risk of dying in detention, arbitrary detention of Pastor Saeed Abedini, and observance of signs of torture and denial of medical treatmen in case of Messrs. Ghazi Heidari, Houtan Kian, Mohammad Reza Pourshajari, and Ayatollah Hossein Kazemeyni Boroujerdi in detention.